Compound bows terminology and parts that you should know about

Before you set out to go and get yourself best compound bow, it is necessary that you get to understand the various parts on it and the terminology used. Once you are in a position to understand how the terms and parts do apply to the bow, you will find it a lot easier to choose the one which is right for you.

The parts and terms include the following:

  • Archery shooting form: It refers to the way you are able to stand and grip the bow together with your arm’s position and how you are able to execute your shot. When you have the correct shooting form, it will make it easier for you to deliver accurate shots consistently.
  • Arrow: At times it is referred to as bolt. The arrows can be constructed from aluminum, carbon, or a combination of both materials. Most archers tend to prefer arrows made from carbon because they are more durable and have the ability to fly in a straight line.
  • Arrow rest: It is a small piece which is located on the riser providing somewhere the arrow to be able to rest until you release it from the bow. They could be an automatic drop down or stationary once you shoot the arrow. The best one for you should depend on your personal preference and budget.
  • Arrow shelf: It is a convenient shelf which is also found on the riser, and it is designed to be able to hold the arrow in a steady way through all stages of the draw and release. An arrow shelf can be able to protect your hand from any injuries which are painful.
  • Axle to axle measurement: At times it is known as ATA; it is a measurement from the bow cam’s top to the one which is at the bottom.
  • Back tension: It is a technique which is mostly used to make shots which are efficient and it involves tightening the muscles at the back when you release the arrow.
  • Berger hole: It is a small hole which is found on the riser and normally used to screw the arrow rest into place tightly.
  • Bow string: It is the string which you will find on your best compound bow. It is normally drawn back and then released when you are ready to shoot. The type of the cam system on the compound bow will be the one to determine how the bow will be able to stung.
  • Brace height: If you are looking to find out where the brace height is located, you will need to measure the compound bow starting from the bottom of the grip to the string. If they are shorter, then it will have more power and speed but for a beginner it might be tough to control and maneuver. Brace heights which are longer are good when making target shooting. While the shorter ones are good to use on crowded or tree stands hunting blinds.
  • Broadhead: The broadhead is the cutting head which is on an arrow and it is normally constructed from stainless steel which is sharp. Broadheads are normally in weights of 75, 85, 100 and 125 grain to enable you to choose the one which will best suit your intended target. It should be noted that the broadheads are not recommended when you are using all bag targets.
  • Cables: You will find them running from one cam to the other on your best compound bow. They help in ensuring that, each short is well executed on release.
  • Cams: They are one of the most important aspect on a compound bow. It refers to the two wheels which are found on the sides of the bow. They are the ones which are responsible for controlling the pulley action which normally occurs when the archer is pulling back on the strings to be able to shoot arrow. There are three types of cams which you will find on today’s best compound bow:
    • Soft cams: They will allow you to pull back on the bow string with less effort as compared to the other types of cams. A cam which is soft wil help in preventing the fatigue which is normally experienced with the other cam types so as you might be much more accurate especially when you are shooting multiples. Although it will allow you to be able to draw without great effort, speed and power, are normally sacrificed. You will find this particular cam in beginner models.
    • Aggressive cams: They are normally also referred to as hard cams. They tend to provide extreme power as compared to soft cams. Though you will end up taking more effort, they are normally recommended due to their superiority in speed and power which makes them great for hunting so they will be in a position to pierce your target and take it down.
    • Single cam: It has one cam instead of the traditional two. They are bows which are to keep their structural integrity for a very long time as compared to the double cam type. Single cam bows require minimal maintenance during their lifespan as compared to the double cam. Though they tend to be quieter they are less accurate as compared to the double cam.
  • Draw weight: It refers to the amount of force which you will need in order to draw the string fully to the back, and it is usually listed in pounds.
  • Field points: Commonly referred to as practice tips, they are normally used during the target practice. The metal points are easy to attach to the arrow and are found in different grain weights.
  • Vanes and fletching: These are common terms which are used to describe the plastics vanes or feathers are attached to the end of the arrow. It is used to help correct and steer the trajectory of the arrow during flight and the size normally affects the speed of the arrow. Fletchings which are larger are used during bird hunting while the small vanes will ensure that you get speed which you need to hit small and large animals accurately.